TikTok: No Direct Evidence of National Security Threat, But Experts Remain Wary

App faces potential U.S. ban as bipartisan skepticism grows
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Key Takeaways

  1. TikTok faces growing bipartisan hostility and potential ban in the U.S. over national security concerns.
  2. Cybersecurity experts find no evidence of TikTok sharing U.S. user data with the Chinese government.
  3. China’s authority over domestic companies and previous misleading statements by TikTok fuel concerns.
  4. TikTok cites Project Texas, which stores U.S. user data on American servers, as a security measure.
  5. TikTok CEO Shou Zi Chew open to U.S. government-approved information security controls.

Bipartisan hostility towards social media app TikTok is mounting in Washington D.C., where Biden administration officials and lawmakers are considering a possible ban on the platform. With over 150 million U.S. users each month, concerns have been raised about the China-based parent company’s potential to share user data with the Chinese government or use the app to spread misinformation. However, cybersecurity experts have found no evidence supporting these fears.

No Direct Evidence of a National Security Threat

Despite growing scrutiny and concerns about user data falling into Chinese government hands, cybersecurity experts have found no evidence to suggest that TikTok has shared U.S. user data with the Chinese government or altered content for U.S. users at its behest. Ahmed Ghappour, a professor at Boston University, stated, “We lack any evidence that China has attempted to compel TikTok to manipulate user recommendations or user data in any way that would rise to the level of a national security threat.”

Project Texas: TikTok’s Effort to Safeguard U.S. User Data

TikTok refers to Project Texas, an initiative aimed at storing all U.S. user data on servers within the country, as a measure to protect user information. In a statement to ABC News, the company said, “The whole point of Project Texas is to put TikTok U.S. user data and systems outside the reach or influence of any foreign government.”

Reasons for Distrust: China’s Track Record and TikTok’s Misleading Statements

Though there is no direct evidence of a national security threat posed by TikTok, legitimate concerns remain. China has shown a willingness to exploit user data and exercises extensive authority over domestic companies. Additionally, TikTok has provided misleading information in the past. Between September 2021 and January 2022, TikTok engineers in China accessed intimate information on U.S. users, contradicting sworn Senate testimony by a TikTok executive in October 2021.

TikTok CEO Open to U.S. Government-Approved Security Controls

TikTok CEO Shou Zi Chew testified before a House committee, stating that many of the risks pointed out were hypothetical and theoretical, and that he had not seen any evidence. Chew also said that the company would welcome information security controls approved by a U.S. government monitor and enforced by a third party. “Trust must be earned through action, not words,” Chew said.


As TikTok faces potential banning in the U.S., no direct evidence has been found to support the national security threat posed by the platform. However, China’s track record and previous misleading statements by TikTok give cause for concern. The app’s future in the U.S. will depend on its ability to build trust through actions and demonstrate a commitment to securing user data and content integrity.

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